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Idiokonstruktioner i konflikt: kodväxling som ad hoc-generalisering


Aileen Urban, gästdoktorand vid institutionen under våren 2018, presenterar sitt avhandlingsarbete med titeln Idiokonstruktioner i konflikt: kodväxling som ad hoc-generalisering.

Recent findings from psycholinguistic research on multilingualism suggest that multilingual speakers process their languages interactively instead of processing them separately (cf. e.g. Grosjean 2008; Bialystok et al. 2009; Kroll, Bobb and Hoshino 2014, and Kroll et al. 2015), a fact that is accounted for from a constructional perspective in Diasystematic Construction Grammar (DCxG; Höder 2011, Höder 2012, Höder 2014a, and Höder 2014b).

DCxG has been successfully applied to different types of contact phenomena, mostly as part of contact-induced diachronic change. When it comes to spontaneous multilingual language processing including phenomena such as codeswitching (CS), however, a (D)CxG model faces additional problems that cannot wholly be solved within existing approaches. If, on the other hand, constructions are assumed to capture individual speakers' grammatical knowledge in toto (Goldberg 2006: 18), this is unsatisfactory. Therefore, my work aims to develop a DCxG-based model that includes CS phenomena.

In my presentation I will explore the role of potentially conflicting information in constructs that are considered as CS phenomena in classic approaches such as Myers-Scotton's (e.g. Myers-Scotton 2002) Matrix Language Frame model or Muysken's (Muysken 2000) Code-Mixing model, based on corpus data from Scandinavian languages in different contact scenarios. In line with DCxG assumptions I differentiate between elements that the involved languages have in common, language-unspecific elements (diaconstructions), and elements that distinguish them, language-specific elements (idioconstructions), which jointly form a common constructional network.
From this perspective, typical CS phenomena can be analyzed as constructs reflecting the combination of idioconstructions that carry conflicting pragmatic information. This conflict in turn either (a) reflects spontaneous generalization, i.e. pragmatic bleaching, of one of the idioconstructions, or (b) is functional in itself, e.g. by (iconically) referring to complex communicative settings or (metaphorically) marking pragmatic complexity.

Bialystok, Ellen et al. (2009): Bilingual minds. Psychological Science in the Public Interest 10: 89-129.

Goldberg, Adele E. (2006): Constructions at Work. The Nature of Generalization in Language. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

Grosjean, François (2008): Studying Bilinguals. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Höder, Steffen (2011): Niederdeutsch und Norddeutsch - ein Fall von Diasystematisierung. Niederdeutsches Jahrbuch 134: 113-136.

Höder, Steffen (2012): Multilingual constructions. A diasystematic approach to common structures. In Multilingual Individuals and Multilinguals Societies [Hamburger studies on multilingualism (HSM) 13], Kurt Braunmüller & Christoph Gabriel (eds.), 241-257. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Höder, Steffen (2014a): Constructing diasystems. Grammatical organization in bilingual groups. In The Sociolinguistics of Grammar [Studies in Language Companion Series 154], Tor A. Åfarli & Brit Mæhlum (eds.), 137-152. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Höder Steffen (2014b): Phonological elements in Diasystematic Construction Grammar. Constructions and Frames 6: 202-231.

Kroll, Judith F., Bobb, Susan C. & Hoschino, Noriko (2014): Two languages in mind: bilingualism as a tool to investigate language, cognition, and the brain. Current Directions in Psychological Science 23: 159-163.

Kroll, Judith F. et al. (2015): Bilingualism, mind and brain. Annual Review of Linguistics 1: 377-394.

Muysken, Pieter (2000): Bilingual Speech. A Typology of Code-mixing. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Myers-Scotton, Carol (2002): Contact Linguistics. Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Föreläsare: Aileen Urban

Datum: 2018-06-18

Tid: 13:15 - 15:00

Kategorier: Humaniora, Språk

Arrangör: Institutionen för svenska språket

Plats: Lennart Torstenssonsgatan 6-8

Kontaktperson: Stina Ericsson

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktionen|Sidan uppdaterades: 2018-01-11

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