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Lexicology and lexicography

The experience of combining lexicology and lexicography over many years has made this area one of the profile areas of the department as well as the leading centre in Sweden.

Research in lexicology

Research in lexicology focuses both on individual lexical items and on structural relationships within the entire vocabulary of Swedish. The research is carried out from different theoretical perspectives and deals with both synchronic and diachronic issues.

Using methods and tools from language technology, the complexity of the inflectional system in Swedish has been described and systematised and a semantic model has been developed. Within lexical semantics, the focus is on the meaning of words, both the meaning the word carries in isolation and the meaning changes that arise when the word is combined with other words.

Several research projects deal with phraseology, i.e. collocations and idiomatic expressions of different kinds, seen both from a semantic and a functional perspective. In addition semantic relations like synonymy, hyponomy and hyperonomy within the Swedish vocabulary are studied as well as semantic processes like metaphorical use, specialization and generalization.

An important application area for research in lexicology is the study of Swedish as a second language. This involves a contrastive perspective on the morphological and semantic characteristics of Swedish words as well as on their combinatorial preferences and restrictions and the semantic processes which apply to them. The second language perspective also aims to identify difficulties which particular words and phrases may cause learners of Swedish.

Research in lexicography

This research is closely connected with the large lexical database that has been developed at the department over a long period of time. The database is maintained and updated by systems developers and lexicographers at the Centre for Lexicology and Lexicography which is also where the editorial teams for Svensk ordbok utgiven av Svenska Akademien and Svenska Akademiens ordlista work.

The lexicographic work stimulates research in both lexicology and lexicography, while at the same time transforming the research into practical lexicography, i.e. the production of dictionaries. Bilingual lexicography and historical lexicography are two additional research areas.

The lexicographic work at the Centre for Lexicology and Lexicography is primarily aimed at dictionaries for human users whereas the work at Språkbanken aims at developing resources and tools for language technology applications. The rapidly growing text corpora at Språkbanken, together with the development of automatic annotation and search tools, provides an important national infrastructure for research in both lexicology and lexicography.

Page Manager: Webbredaktionen|Last update: 8/19/2016

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